We can forecast the possible future growth of technology by having a fundamental understanding of how technology has evolved throughout history. We can hardly picture mathematics today without the seemingly basic device known as a calculator. Having said that, modern calculators were not created until the 1970s, and using cell phones as calculators wasn’t introduced until at least the late 1990s. However, this does not imply that mathematical tools were unavailable before the 20th century. A wide variety of computing devices were developed well in advance of digital calculators like the calculator to solve the endpoint formula or average rate of change. In this blog, we will explore the social history of calculators.

The History Of Calculators

  1. Abacus: The Ultimate Beginning Of The Calculator

There was a time before written numerals existed. Man’s only counting tools were his fingers and toes, and you can only get so far when counting sheep and crops with just your fingers, toes, rocks, and shells. Thus, the abacus—which the Computer History Museum claims to be “the oldest continuously used calculating tool aside from fingers’ ‘—was invented by human civilization.

The abacus was just the start of humankind’s fascination with calculating devices, which have seen significant advancements over time even though they are still in use today.  Now the world has advanced so much that platforms like themathematicsmaster are providing online calculators as well. These online calculators solve the equations in just a few seconds.

The abacus was the first instrument made expressly for use in mathematical calculations; it was most likely developed in Sumeria circa 2500 B.C. The abacus was an addition and subtraction table consisting of successive columns filled with beads or stones that represented a single unit. Other cultures improved and changed the abacus; the Chinese, for instance, made it easier to use by stringing beads inside a bamboo frame.

Calculations With Rods

In 1617, Scottish mathematician John Napier published Rabdology, sometimes known as “calculation with rods,” marking a 4,500-year leap in time. Napier wrote about an apparatus that became referred to as Napier’s bones. The user finds the sum of the multiplication tables engraved on the thin rods, known as the “bones,” by adjusting the rods’ vertical alignment and reading the tables horizontally. These tools were very helpful for computations, but they weren’t really “calculators”; rather, they were only supporting the person performing the calculation in their head.

The First Real Calculator

The first real “calculator” was created in 1642 and used a mechanism akin to a clockwork to conduct calculations. Blaise Pascal, a French mathematician and inventor, received praise for his invention of the Pascal calculator, which attempted arithmetic computations that were previously thought to be impossible.

Sadly, though, only a few of them were ever manufactured because they were hard to make. Thomas de Colmar created the mechanical calculator in the middle of the 1800s, and more calculators came after. While themathematicsmaster has provided us with uncountable online calculators. These were much larger and bulkier than the pocket calculators we use today, but they were also easier to manufacture.

The First Mechanical Handheld Calculator

Based on a 1938 concept, Curt Herzstark produced the first mechanical handheld calculator in 1945. The Curta calculators, which had the form of a thick pepper grinder, were manufactured in great quantities until 1970 when a Japanese company created the first digital pocket calculator, which caused the market for the outmoded gadget to decline. American businesses, including Texas Instruments, improved the Japanese device’s design by producing the graphing calculators that are familiar to us today.

Beginning Of Online Calculators

When the first smartphone was created in 1995, people started switching from pricey digital calculators to multipurpose gadgets. Because of this, even the most advanced calculator designs had to be updated to stay competitive. Then years later, online calculators were programmed, which can be easily used on the smartphone or the PC. These online calculators include a huge variety of calculators including the calculator for the Endpoint Formula, average rate, percentage, algorithm, geometrical calculations, etc.


Calculators have not only made it much easier for us to carry out the routine calculations that we encounter every day. But they have also allowed humans to comprehend mathematics on a much larger scale than previously thought possible. Platforms like the themathematicsmaster made it easy for people belonging to different backgrounds to use the calculator they require free of cost online. So with the touch of a few buttons, calculations that used to be laborious and time-consuming can now be completed in minutes or even seconds.

You can easily solve the endpoint formula in a few seconds. Calculus and other advanced math classes would require significantly longer class periods and revised lesson plans if they didn’t have calculators. When combined with a thorough mathematics curriculum, calculators improve both the quantity and quality of student learning.

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